Over the past 30 years, dental implants have improved the quality of life of the edentulous patient. But how? And, what is meant by “quality of life”?
Quality of life (QOL) includes various conditions that allow the person to perform the most varied daily activities in good physical, mental and social status. Therefore, any “disability” or damage to one of these three essential axes, interrupts the balance of an individual and negatively affects his
state of health.
The loss of one or more teeth is a significant disturbance, capable of compromising central functions in our balance with strong repercussions on the quality of life.
QOL related to oral health: what is it?
The quality of life related to oral health (OHRQoL) is an individual perception of the impact of oral health on one’s quality of life. Indeed, some studies have shown that there is a significant correlation between a good quality of oral life and a good quality of life in general. In this context, edentulism has a strong negative impact on OHRQoL, from a functional and from a psychological point of view.
How do implants improve OHRQoL?
Recent studies have explored the effectiveness of implant treatment by demonstrating that
implants can improve oral comfort and patient’s OHRQoL. In particular, implant treatment leads to an improvement in OHRQoL in three fields: functional, psychosocial and pain.
Implant therapy allows those suffering from higher or lower edentulism not only to recover their daily activities related to nutrition and speech but also to pursue a satisfactory degree of self-confidence. Patients often report how this therapy has eliminated the moments of embarrassment in eating and smiling in front of other people. Also, it is often reported how these
subjects have solved their worries about their dental and/or gum state.
Furthermore, the loss of bone tissue caused by the long-term lack of a tooth affects the appearance and harmony of the face of edentulous patients. Given that aesthetic expectations and speaking comfort are often not fully met by using a removable prosthesis, the implants are a completely satisfactory solution. Finally, the use of implants has typically a much better prognosis than other rehabilitative alternatives. For all these reasons, implant therapy is an excellent method for the treatment of edentulism and the rehabilitation of oral health.
It is important to stress that the patient/dentist relationship, as well as the professional skills of the latter, are essential for a successful treatment. It is therefore essential to rely on Professionals and centres specialized in implantology, which can provide oral health rehabilitation effectively
- Impact of implant treatment on oral health related quality of life in a private dental practice: a prospective cohort study. Mathieu Fillion, et al. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes volume 11, Article number: 197 (2013).
- Comparing the Quality of Life of Patients Requesting Dental Implants Before and After Implant. Sargolzaie N, et al. Open Dent J. 2017; 11: 485–491.